1997 Broadway Revival

Previews began April 19, 1997 at the Gershwin Theatre for 11 performances
Opened April 29, 1997; Closed July 27, 1997; Ran for 103 performances

Production Credits | Cast | Musical Numbers | Recording | Synopsis


Music by Leonard Bernstein
Book adapted from Voltaire by Hugh Wheeler
Lyrics by Richard Wilbur
With Additional lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and John Latouche

Production Credits

Produced by Livent, Inc.
Directed by Harold Prince
Choreography by Patricia Birch
Orchestrations by Leonard Bernstein and Hershy Kay
Music Continuity and Additional Orchestrations by John Mauceri
Scenery Designed by Clarke Dunham
Costumes Designed by Judith Dolan
Sound Designed by Jonathan Deans
Lighting Designed by Ken Billington
Hair Design by Bobby Grayson
Production Supervisor: Clayton Phillips
Musical Supervision and Direction by Eric Stern

This production is based on the 1994 Lyric Opera of Chicago Production.


Jim Dale - Voltaire / Dr. Pangloss / Businessman / Governor / Second Gambler / Sage
Andrea Martin - Old Lady
Jason Danieley - Candide
Harolyn Blackwell - Cunegonde
Glenda Balkan - Cunegonde [Alternate]
Stacey Logan - Paquette
Brent Barrett - Maximilian
Arte Johnson - Hugo / Radu / Don Issachar / Judge Gomez / Father Bernard / Turhan Bey
Mal Z. Lawrence - Baron Von Thunder / Grand Inquisitor / Pasha-Prefect of Constantinople / Columbo
Julie Johnson - Baroness Von Thunder [Joy Hermalyn on the recording]
Paul Harman - 2nd Bulgarian Soldier
David Girolmo - Heresy Agent
Allen Hidalgo - Governor's Aide
Nanne Puritz - Sheep One
D'Vorah Bailey - Sheep Two
Seth Malkin - Lion

Ensemble - D'Vorah Bailey, Mary Kate Boulware, Diana Brownstone, Alvin Crawford, Christopher F. Davis, Sherrita Duran, Deanna Dys, David Girolmo, Paul Harman, Joy Hermalyn, Allen Hidalgo, Wendy Hilliard, Elizabeth Jimenez, Julie Johnson, Ken Krugman, Chad Larget, Shannon Lewis, Seth Malkin, Andrew Pacho, Nanne Puritz, Owen Taylor, and Eric Van Hoven

Swings - Matthew Aibel, Rachel Coloff, Joseph P. McDonnell, Starla Pace

Musical Numbers

Act One

Act Two


Candide - New Broadway Cast Recording

Recording produced by Jay David Saks
Engineered by James Nichols
Orchestra conducted by Eric Stern
Recorded at The Hit Factory Studios, NYC on May 19 - 20, 1997

  • Compact Disc, 1997 [RCA Victor 09026-68835-2] (71:35 mins.)
  • Cassette, 1997 [RCA Victor 09026-68835-4]

Further recording information

by Hugh Wheeler

Act One

In a Baron's castle in Westphalia, there lived, in extreme happiness, four young people: Cunegonde, the Baron's beautiful daughter; Maximilian, his equally beautiful son; Paquette, a very obliging servant girl; and Candide, an obscure bastard cousin.  All four were thoroughly convinced that Life is Happiness Indeed.  They had the great good fortune to be instructed by that legendary philosopher, Dr. Pangloss, who taught them that this is The Best of All Possible Worlds and that everything that happens in it happens for the best.  There is, however, one slight flaw in this idyll: the humble Candide and the exalted Cunegonde fall very unsuitably in love.  [Oh, Happy We]  Their love discovered, Candide is summarily thrown out of the castle.  [It Must Be So]  Forced to fend for himself in the real world, Candide, on the eve of war with the neighboring Bulgarians, is tricked into enlisting with the enemy army, and endures many other mishaps.  These ordeals sorely try but do not destroy his faith in Dr. Pangloss's philosophy. Cunegonde, too, has her problems.  After she is abducted during Mass by a sergeant in the invading Bulgarian army, her sufferings come to a halt in a Lisbon brothel.  Her beauty inflames the amorous attentions not only of an extremely rich Jew but also of the Grand Inquisitor himself.  These two gentlemen, sharing her, keep her in luxury and lavish rich gifts upon her, which more than makes up for her lost innocence, [Glitter and Be Gay]  even though, of course, her love for Candide remains totally untouched.

Meanwhile, Candide, also eternally faithful to his beloved, is washed up, more dead than alive, in a Portugese fishing village at the height of a tremendous earthquake.  In the ruins he sees only one wretched beggar, who turns out to be none other than Dr. Pangloss, who has survived the Westphalian holocaust.  Candide and Pangloss, both good Westphalian Protestants, are arrested by the Inquisition and dragged to a great gala Auto-da-fé, which the Holy Mother Church believes will, by burning heretics, discourage future earthquakes.  Cunegonde happens to attend this celebration, where, to her horror, she see her master hanged and her beloved Candide flogged.  Candide, abandoned, bemoans his lot.  [Candide's Lament]  Unexpectedly, an unknown Old Lady leads him away, tends his wounds, and eventually presents him to her mistress, who turns out to be--rapture!--Cunegonde.  [You Were Dead, You Know] 

Disaster now strikes lightning blows.  As Cunegonde and Candide embrace, the Jew breaks in.  Inadvertently, Candide kills him; then the Grand Inquisitor appears, and Candide (advertently) kills him too.  Candide, Cunegonde, and the Old Lady are forced to flee Cadiz where, having lost their money, the Old Lady tries to repair their fortunes by offering her body to the elderly Dons in the city square.  [I Am Easily Assimilated]  Her success is minimal, but, once again restoring their faith in Dr. Pangloss, an imposing Businessman appears and offers Candide the job of leading a military mission to relieve the Jesuits of Montevideo, who are sorely beset by the neighboring heathen. A miracle has occurred.  The three can leave their troubles behind in the Old World and enjoy a fresh start in the New.  [Quartet Finale] 

Act Two

Candide, full of hope, sets sail with Cunegonde and the Old Lady for the New World.  [Ballad of the New World]  Meanwhile, in the slave market of Cartagena, Colombia, Maximilian, disguised through mischance as a female slave, has an unexpected reunion with Paquette, who has also survived the Westphalian armageddon.  Embarrassingly, the lecherous Governor falls in love with Maximilian.  [My Love]  His true sex discovered, Maximilian is sold to the Jesuits of Montevideo.  At the same time, on the ship, the Old Lady regales her companions with tales of her many tribulations,  Suddenly, marauding pirates attack the ship and carry off Cunegonde and the Old Lady. 

Candide arrives alone at the Jesuit convent in Montevideo.  Among those who greet him are Maximilian and Paquette.  In a family tiff, Candide unintentionally kills Maximilian and has to flee with Paquette into the jungle.  Eventually, they stumble upon the legendary country of Eldorado, where the streets are paved with gold, eternal harmony reigns, and even the animals are eloquent.  [Sheep Song]  Soon, however, Eldorado bores them, and loading gold onto some singing sheep, they fight their way through the jungle until they reach Cartagena where the lecherous Governor, who now has the Old Lady employed as a Madam, is giving a ball.  [Governor's Waltz]  The Old Lady informs Candide that the pirates have taken Cunegonde to Constantinople, where blonde slaves get a particularly good price.  The Governor, coveting the Eldorado gold, tries to steal the sheep and tricks the eager Candide into setting off for Constantinople in a leaky ship with Paquette and the Old Lady.  As the Governor bids them Bon Voyage, the ship sinks.  The party is stranded on a desert island, where the two ladies squabble.  [Quiet]  The sheep, still burdened with the Eldorado gold, swim to the island and arrive on-shore to their delight.

Meanwhile, in Constantinople, Cunegonde has become an odalisque of a very rich Turk, who is entertaining his jaded associates in a private casino.  [What's the Use?]  The indomitable, ever faithful Candide, arriving with Paquette and the Old Lady, manages with all his remaining gold to buy Cunegonde (and Maximilian, who, miraculously restored from the dead, happens to be there as a house slave.)  The Westphalian friends are reunited at last, but they are also penniless.  The Old Lady suggests that they visit the Wisest Man in the World, who happens to live nearby, to ask his advice.  When they arrive, the Wisest Man has stepped out, leaving in charge of his wisdom his assistant who turns out to be none other than a now rather senile and muddleheaded Dr. Pangloss.  Retrieving a piece of paper that falls from the hand of Pangloss, the group manages to learn the Wisest Man's recipe for a happy and tranquil life.  It is to return from the far-from-best-possible world to a simple bucolic farm and there cultivate the earth.  [Make Our Garden Grow] 

[from the liner notes of the cast recording]

Compiled by Michael H. Hutchins