Candide

Bibliography

Books | Recordings | Articles

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Books
  • Candide - Hellman / Bernstein / Wilbur / Latouche / Parker
    New York: Random House, 1957
    [libretto of the original Broadway production]
  • Candide - Leonard Bernstein
    New York: Amberson Enterprises/G. Schirmer, 1958 [more info]
    [vocal score of the original Broadway production]
  • The Collected Plays - Lillian Hellman
    Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1972
    [libretto of the original Broadway production; includes a revised Lisbon Sequence]
  • Candide: The Musical - Hugh Wheeler
    New York: Macmillan / Schirmer, 1976 [more info]
    [libretto of the 1974 Broadway revival]
  • Bernstein: A Biography - Joan Peyser
    New York: Beech Tree Press, 1987
    [biography]
  • Dorothy Parker: What Fresh Hell is This? - Marion Meade
    New York: Villard Books, 1989
    [biography]
  • Opening Night on Broadway - Steven Suskin
    New York: Schirmer Books, 1990
    [p. 130-132: critical reaction of the original Broadway production]
  • Not Since Carrie: Forty Years of Broadway Musical Flops - Ken Mandelbaum
    New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991
    [p. 334-337: discussion of the original Broadway production]
  • Sondheim & Co. - Craig Zadan
    New York: Da Capo Press, 1994
    [p. 162-165, 414-415: 1974 Broadway revival; p. 416-417: 1982 New York City Opera production]
  • Candide - Leonard Bernstein
    New York: Boosey & Hawkes, 1994 [more info]
    [conductor's score of the Scottish Opera edition]
  • Leonard Bernstein: A Life - Meryle Secrest
    New York: Alfed A. Knopf, 1994
    [biography]
  • Leonard Bernstein - Humphrey Burton
    New York: Doubleday, 1994
    [biography]
  • Stephen Sondheim: A Life - Meryle Secrest
    New York: Knopf, 1998
    [p. 120: Sondheim's views on the original Broadway production]
  • Leonard Bernstein - Paul Myers
    London: Phaidon Press Limited, 1998
    [biography]
  • Coming Up Roses: The Broadway Musical in the 1950s - Ethan Mordden
    New York: Oxford University Press, 1998
    [p. 170-185; 1956 Broadway production]

Recordings
  • Candide Original Broadway Cast [more info]
    New York: Columbia Records, 1957; remastered, New York: Sony Music Inc, 1991
  • Candide Broadway Revival [more info]
    New York: Columbia Records / CBS Inc., 1974
  • Candide New York City Opera [more info]
    New York: New World Records, 1986
  • Candide Scottish Opera [more info]
    London: TER, 1988; revised, New York: JAY Productions Ltd, 1997
  • Candide Studio Recording Conducted by Leonard Bernstein [more info]
    Hamburg: Deutsche Grammophon / New York: Polygram, 1991
  • Candide Broadway Revival [more info]
    New York: RCA Victor / BMG Music, 1997
  • Candide Royal National Theatre [more info]
    London: First Night Records, 2000

Newspaper and Magazine Articles
The American Record Guide
  • March, 1996 / Richard S. Ginnell
  • March, 2001
The Christian Science Monitor
  • October 11, 1991
  • March 16, 1995 / April Austin
  • May 21, 1999 / Tony Velella
The Columbian (Portland OR)
  • May 9, 2002 / Angela Allen
Commentary
  • October, 1994 / Terry Treachout
The Daily Telegraph (London)
  • December 23, 1998 / Rupert Christiansen
  • April 3, 1999 / Rupert Christiansen
  • April 5, 1999 / Mark Steyn
Denver Rocky Mountain News
  • June 30, 2000 / Marc Shulgold
  • July 3, 2000 / Marc Shulgold
The Independent (London)
  • December 12, 1998 / Edward Seckerson
  • April 15, 1999 / Robert Butler
  • April 18, 1999 / Michael White
The International Herald Tribune
  • April 21, 1999 / Sheridan Morley
The Los Angeles Times
  • January 22, 1987 / Martin Bernheimer
  • August 25, 1991 / Herbert Glass
  • October 15, 1991 / Martin Bernheimer
  • November 5, 1995 / Mark Swed
  • November 10, 1995 / Martin Bernheimer
  • November 10, 1995 / Laurie Winer
Musical America
  • November, 1991 / Susan Reiter
  • January, 1992 / Charles Passey
The New Leader
  • May 5, 1997 / Stefan Kanfer
The New York Daily News
  • December 2, 1956 / John Chapman
  • April 30, 1997 / Howard Kissel
The New York Herald Tribune
  • November 25, 1956 / Don Ross
  • December 2, 1956 / Walter Kerr
The New York Post
  • April 30, 1997 / Clive Barnes
The New York Times
  • November 11, 1956 / Leonard Bernstein
  • December 2, 1956 / Brooks Atkinson
  • December 21, 1973 / Clive Barnes
  • December 30, 1973 / Walter Kerr
  • February 24, 1974 / Robert Berkvist
  • March 12, 1974 / Clive Barnes
  • October 10, 1982 / John Rockwell
  • October 14, 1982 / Donal Henahan
  • October 14, 1991 / Jon Alan Conrad
  • April 30, 1997 / Ben Brantley
The New York World Telegram & Sun
  • December 2, 1956 / Tom Donnelly
Newsday
  • April 30, 1997 / Linda Winer
Opera News
  • October, 1991 / Patrick J. Smith
  • March 18, 1995 / John von Rhein
  • July, 2000 / Brooks Peters
  • July, 2000 / Martin Bernheimer
  • July, 2000 / Joan Peyser
  • October, 2000 / Marc Shulgold
  • September, 2002 / David Stabler
The Record (Bergen County NJ)
  • April 16, 1997 / Jim Beckerman
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch
  • May 15, 1994 / James Wierzbicki
The Spectator (London)
  • April 24, 1999 / Sheridan Morley
  • July 3, 1999 / Michael Tanner
The Sunday Telegraph (London)
  • April 18, 1999 / John Gross
United Press International
  • September 23, 2002 / Peter Coleman
USA Today
  • April 30, 1997 / David Patrick Stearns
Variety
  • May 5, 1997 / Greg Evans
  • April 19, 1999 / Matt Wolf
The Village Voice
  • September 13, 1994 / Leighton Kerner
  • May 6, 1997 / Michael Feingold
  • June 3, 1997 / Lynn Yaeger
Wall Street Journal
  • February 11, 1992 / Mark Swed
The Washington Post
  • August 25, 1991 / Joseph McLellan
  • April 6, 1996 / Lloyd Rose

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Compiled by Michael H. Hutchins